It feels so panicky when somebody near you meets with an accident! You become stupefied and restless, thus the only handy item that provides safety and peace is the first aid kit.
Whether you are at home or out on travel, at school or workplace, in buses or flight, first aid is always a mandatory safety kit for you and people around you. It is the initial care for an illness or injury that occurs suddenly and is aided by anybody to the sick or injured till the proper medication is done on the person. In schools, there must be a first aid officer to take care of students. A first aid kit should contain a few essential items including ointment, cotton rolls, pain killers, tape, bandaid, bandage, dettol or savlon, resqme key chain, cream, thermometer, scissors, hand sanitizer, tweezers, antiseptic lotion, distilled water, cough syrup, antiseptic powder, safety pins, fire extinguisher, cloth strips, pillow etc. The kit could be either bought or prepared by oneself.
You need to be alert enough to keep a list of emergency contact numbers or address of family members. Also, to know about the patient’s medical history helps during any such emergency to cure in an easier and quicker way. A first aid kit helps reducing the risk of infection from spreading and lessens the intensity of the injury. Items inside the box should be user friendly and easy for everyone to use if needed during any urgency. Moreover, the first step in first aid is wanting to help. At times, when an accident occurs, people are scared to help out because of further police interrogations and verifications. But do we really know how hard it feels for the victim or his/her family when they are stuck in a difficult situation. So, helping out is very important when we talk about first aid.
A first aid box should be kept in a cool and dry place away from the reach of kids especially below 6 years of age. It contains certain items and medicines that are harmful for kids.
Let us discuss a few conditions when the first aid kit proves to be an useful item for daily life usage.
Choking: If a person gets choked, place your arms around his/her waist and the fist into the victim’s abdomen and press into abdomen with quick upward thrusts.
Poisoning: If somebody inhales poison, he/she should be moved out to fresh air, if the poison is absorbed inside the body, his/her clothing should be removed the skin should be rinsed with water for 20 minutes. If convulsed, the victim must be moved away from any objects that might harm them.
Shock: If somebody gets a shock, the person should be laid down, the body temperature should be maintained and you should calm down and reassure the victim of his getting well soon.
Bleeding: If there is a bleeding, apply bandage or cotton to wrap on the wound. Always try control bleeding before trying to clean the wound. The cotton should not be wrapped tightly that cause numbness on the wounded area.
Burns or cuts: In cases of burns or cuts, rinse the burnt area with cool water until the pain is relieved. If there is a deep tissue destruction with a white or charred appearance, apply ointment and cover with a dry and antiseptic dressing.
Fracture: If there is a fracture or break in the bone, immobilize the area with a splint using a board or pillow. Do not touch the wound directly and do not try to straighten the limb. Always be sure not to cut off blood circulation.
It is very important to keep calm and think of the possibilities to help out the sufferer. You need to keep your emotions under control while trying to help out a person or else emotions might trigger the victim more.
Safe world#happy world!