Everyday 352 children Below 18 years of age are injured due to fire or burn related cause. Among children under age of 5 undergo scalds or contact burns that are responsible for 90 percent of burn injuries. And the most common places for these accidents are kitchen, dining rooms or bathrooms.
So how do we tackle Scalds?
A scald is a burn from hot liquid or steam
Cool the burned area with cool running water for several minutes. Do not use ice to cool a burn, it can cause frostbite very quickly because the skin is already damaged. If the skin has blackened, the person needs to be taken to the hospital immediately.
Precautions to be taken at Home:
- Cover all electronic outlets and unplug the electrical wires from child’s reach.
- Teach your children to never touch electrical outlets or play with electrical cords.
- Use electrical appliances with extreme precaution near water. If near or in water do not touch any electrical goods.
- Replace electrical items that show signs of wear, such as frayed wires.
- Keep flammable items like clothes, curtain away from heat sources.
- Never touch electric poles or wires.
- Never leave food that is cooking unattended. Small children should be supervised in the kitchen.
- Keep electrical cords from being trapped against walls.
- Do not overload electrical circuits or extension cords.
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Since fire spreads quickly, one must be alert and brave to have an escape plan and practice it with children. Know the best route to the emergency exits, if living in an apartment and always take the staircase. If you see smoke coming from a door don’t open it. If you don’t see smoke but the door knob is hot, quickly proceed to exit. If you’re trapped somewhere inside, quickly call the fire brigade and do not hide in a cupboard or under the table.
Fire safety is a mandatory procedure for schools as a large number of children are gathered at one place and any incident of fire can cause large scale damage. Since most of the furniture in schools are made of wood it can easily catch fire. Since it can cause major loss to life, safety precautions are important in schools.
- It’s mandatory for schools to get a certificate from fire department before receiving a no objection certificate from education department and be equipped with fire safety rules.
- Fire safety drills should be conducted every six months or annually.
- There should be a fire extinguisher near every computer lab and science lab.
- Teachers and non teaching staff should know how to use a fire extinguisher.
- The school must be in contact with fire department and other emergency facilities. Their number should be written in every corridor.
- Fire alarms and fire extinguishers are important investments for the safety of students.
You can call 101 for the fire brigade, 102 for an ambulance and 108 for emergency disaster management.
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