Sanitation in India : Defecation in the Open to Toilet Sanitizers


Sanitation is a Latin word which means health. The main object of sanitation is to preserve the health of the community by keeping our surrounding clean. Hence the need of a proper system of sanitation is required in towns and villages.

India is a magnificent country with vivid cultures and traditions. It is a developing nation that has many possibilities similar to those in the developed nation. Though India is growing at a very fast pace when it comes to technology, tourism it lacks majorly behind when it comes to sanitary conditions.

Sanitation in India is a multifold problem. The lack of urban planning, people migrating in huge numbers to cities to find work, increase in slum population, on top of it water scarcity, lack of education and homelessness adds to this problem.

Sanitary Condition In India

When we talk about rural sanitary conditions in India, more than 70% of Indians living in villages defecate in the open or have access only to bad sanitation facilities. Bad sanitation facilities refer to public toilets that do not work or are not connected to a sewage system. Most of the villages lack waste disposal and drainage systems and many in the villages are ignorant about the consequences of poor sanitation and unhygienic conditions. As a result, many people suffer and even die of diseases caused by unhealthy practices of personal and environmental hygiene. There is a major lack of public toilets, easy water supply, and definitely a lack of knowledge to use toilets for maintaining personal hygiene. The lack of sanitation causes substantial health issues among adults and children. Female hygiene is also compromised. According to a survey, only 30% of rural households have their own toilets and less than half of Indian households have a toilet at home. The percentage of households with mobile phones and televisions in rural India exceeds the percentage of households with access to toilet facilities. In 2014, Prime Minister Modi announced the Swachch Bharat Mission to end open defecation by 2019.

In many urban cities, there is no garbage collection system and wastes are thrown in the open spaces along the streets. Outside households, sanitation at schools, public places, and railway stations is quite appalling. Most of our railway stations are stinking places as human waste is released on the tracks. Toilets in malls and shops are not maintained well.

The Change

Yet one can see significant changes in the sanitary conditions of India. People are waking up to having a toilet in their own household, toilets at public places. Clean and better-designed toilets in the railway coaches are also being asked for. Most importantly there is a huge demand for clean toilets. Government and many private NGO’s are working on educating personal hygiene, female personal hygiene, and toilet hygiene. Big revolutionary companies like Peesafe are taking part in the Swachch Bharat Abhiyan and are contributing to spreading awareness of hygienic toilet seats with their innovative sanitizing products such as toilet seat sanitizing sprays.

From open defecation to using toilet sanitizers, India is certainly in its evolutionary stage.


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