Blood clots – Are you aware of them and the risks they cause to our life? Not everyone is aware about this condition, which normally sounds absolutely harmless to our ears. We know all about the various heart conditions, the STDs, cancers, etc. but when it comes to blood clots, our vocabulary seems restricted. So, here is a small brief about this condition, its imposed risks and how it can be cured. Read it and diagnose the condition before it’s too late.
What is a blood clot?
Also known as Thrombosis in medical terms, Blood clots are basically categorized into two types.
– DVT : Short form for Deep Vein Thrombosis, DVT is a type blood clot which mainly forms in the veins of our legs, arms, pelvis and other large body veins.
– PE : Short form for Pulmonary Embolism, PE is a dangerous health condition where in the blood clot detaches from the origin and then freely travels throughout the bloodstream to any of the organs, particularly the lungs. Once it reaches the lungs, it gets stuck and prevents the blood flow in throughout the body.
Symptoms of a severe blood clot
The symptoms for Thrombosis, whether it is DVT or PE, are not very easy to identify. They are often overlooked and wrongly diagnosed with other health conditions. However, here are a few of the basic symptoms for Thrombosis.
– Swelling in the leg, ankle and foot, mostly in the affected area.
– Pain and cramps in the affected area which basically may start from your calf. The pain is intense and doesn’t fade away with a little rest or massage.
– Change in skin colour. Skin becomes pale, turns red or blue or purple.
– No noticeable symptoms
– Sudden shortness of breath
– Discomfort, shortness of breath, chest pain and cough
– Dizziness or fainting
– Anxiety, doomed feeling and nervousness
Thrombosis is a condition that can affect any person. However, surgeries, injuries, increased age and weight gain can increase the risk factors for DVT or PE. But, in order to avoid or reduce the risk for this condition, you can follow a few of these pointers.
– Avoid smoking
– Maintain a good health and weight
– Exercise regularly
– When hospitalized, ask for available treatment possibilities to avoid DVT. For instance, there are mechanical devices that help in blood circulation.
– Wear compression stockings during long sitting hours. Walk around and stretch in this time period.
Treatments for Thrombosis
Prescribing blood thinners is one of the first treatment procedures followed by doctors to treat thrombosis. Taking these drugs, automatically helps thin your blood and slowly dissolve the blood clot within the body. However, the doctor prescribes the dosage based on the blood tests of the patient. Also, the patient should know about the type of food to be consumed and its reaction with the drugs prescribed for the treatment.
The new age blood thinners, however do not have any reaction with the food consumed. They are far more compatible and trusted to treat thrombosis. However, patients should take complete care during the course of medication and also avoid injuries. You should avoid going out much, avoid sports, shaving, and any other such activities that can bruise your or cause cuts.
In case you uneasy and dizzy, remember to call the emergency medical help for diagnosis and treatment. DVT may not be fatal, but PE surely is.